Hirado travel guide
Hirado off the North West coast of Nagasaki-prefecture is a beautiful and historic location full of
interesting museums, Christian churches, white sandy beaches and an imposing castle.
Portuguese ships first landed in Hirado’s superb natural harbor in 1549 and St. Francis Xavier is
known to have visited in 1550. In the 1580s, the Portuguese established a trading station, followed
soon by the Dutch and the British. The island had been an important port for trade with Korea and
China since earlier times, with the rights to foreign trade held by the local Matsuura clan.
William Adams was instrumental in establishing the British trading post and he is buried on the island.
The British stayed only ten years before leaving after bitter feuding with the Dutch, who were moved
to Dejima in Nagasaki by the Japanese authorities in 1641.
Where to explore
Stands on a hill guarding Hirado Port and the Hirado Strait, which used to be part of an important
trade route between Japan and the Asian mainland. The original fortress was built in 1599 by the
local Matsura Lord; however, he destroyed the structure after fighting the Tokugawa on the losing
side of the Battle of Sekigahara as a gesture of loyalty to the victor. The Matsura Clan continued
ruling Hirado for the next two and a half centuries.
Set up in Hirado in 1609 as the base of operations of the Dutch East India Company in Japan.
The building seen today is a warehouse which was originally constructed here in 1639 as part of the
trading post, but torn down just three years later after the Dutch had been relocated to Dejima Island
in the port of Nagasaki.
Nakae no Shima / UNESCO World Heritage
Located two kilometers off the coast of Hirado Island, Nakae no Shima is a small, uninhabited island
where religious leaders were executed during the persecution of Christians. The island is considered
sacred, and water collected there is used for baptism.
Kasuga Village / UNESCO World Heritage
This idyllic, remote village was refuge to a small community of Hidden Christians who practiced here
for centuries, far from the prying eyes of the government. After the ban on Christianity was lifted, the
local villagers decided to continue practicing their own unique brand of the religion rather than rejoin
the Catholic Church. As a result, churches were not erected in the village, and the religion remains
St Francis Xavier Memorial Church
This church is a catholic church in Hirado, Nagasaki. Hirado is a place where Francis Xavier visited
3 times in Japan to spread Christianity, and even during the Kinkyo Ordinance of the Edo Period
that prohibited religions, Christianity was very widespread. For that reason when the ordinance was
lifted this church was constructed, and the image of Francis Xavier was put on the side.
The church was designed by Tetsukawa Yosuke, a famous architect of various churches in
Nagasaki-prefecture, and built between December 1915 and October 1917. It is one of the latest
brick churches in the prefecture of Nagasaki. Tetsukawa Yosuke has called this one of his best works.
Matsura Historical Museum
The museum stores and displays the historical collection of the Matsura family who ruled over the
northern area of Nagasaki prefecture since the 13th century. The museum is housed in the former
private residence of the Matsura family, the grand Tsurugamine Mansion, built in 1893. Hirado has a long history of overseas exchange due to its geographical location.
|Address||City hall : 1508-3 Iwanoue-cyo, Hirado-city, Nagasaki-prefecture|
1 hours and 50 minutes by a vehicle from Nagasaki-city
50 minutes by a vehicle from Sasebo-city
2 hour and 15 minutes by a vehicle from Fukuoka-city
|Population||30,100 Population density 128|
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